How Soon Is Too Soon? The Right Age To Begin Coding

Living in the Digital Age, we can no longer undermine the importance of programming and coding for kids. Technology drives almost everything in today’s world, and undoubtedly, it will continue to dominate every field in the future as well. Software has become a universal language of the world.

Children need to be introduced to the coding and programming world in the early stages of their life itself. It is a known fact that children under the age of seven have enhanced learning skills and can rapidly grasp new concepts, such as new languages. So, why not encourage them to learn the languages of the technology world?


The idea here is not to create a generation of software engineers, but to promote computational thinking – a creative process of the mind that helps find solutions to big problems through a combination of maths, algorithms, and logic. Stimulating this kind of thought process will prepare children for both the present and the future. Computational thinking will lay the base for a better understanding of algorithms, recursion, and heuristic techniques in kids. In fact, educational experts are calling coding ‘the new literacy,’ – understanding and learning its basics are just as essential as learning alphabets.  

In 2016, former President of the United States, Barack Obama launched the “Computer Science For All” initiative, with the aim to empower all American students with the basic knowledge of computer science and computational skills. He explained:

“We live in a time of extraordinary change, change that’s affecting the way we live and the way we work. New technology replaces any job where work can be automated.  Workers need more skills to get ahead. These changes aren’t new, and they’re only going to accelerate. So the question we have to ask ourselves is, ‘How can we make sure everyone has a fair shot at success in this new economy?’”

The answer is simple: Computer Science.

Here are a few reasons why we should encourage children to learn the language of programming and coding.

  1. It boosts creativity

As mentioned earlier, coding is essentially a creative process that engages the mind in thinking and deliberating on plausible ideas. When the boundless imagination of children is complemented by coding, an instrument holding immense possibilities, one can only expect astounding results. Through experimentation with their unique ideas, kids can keep their brain engaged – and in the process, polish their creative skills.

  1. It helps improve cognitive skills

In the course of coding and programming, children begin to visualize abstract concepts, sharpen their mathematical, written, and verbal skills. With every mistake and challenge, they learn to figure out new and possible solutions for a particular problem. With time, kids develop enhanced concentration and organizational power.

  1. It prepares children to be smart individuals of the Smart Age

As kids will learn the language of programming, they will also learn more about technology, its advantages, and disadvantages. Kids aren’t strangers to smart devices such as smartphones, iPads, or the Xbox. As they begin to understand these technologies, they can better evaluate the pros and cons of a specific technology and use it to their benefit.

  1. Increasing demand for coders and software engineers

As our world continues to become increasingly software integrated, the demand for coders and programmers is on the rise. So, learning to master the art of coding isn’t at all a bad idea after all!

Many universities and educational institutions in the West have already warmed up to this idea and have developed children-friendly softwares that help them learn the language of programming in a fun and engaging way. For instance, Blockly by Google and Scratch by MIT are paving the way for the coders of tomorrow. While Blockly allows kids to create computer games through a drag-and-drop technique, Scratch is a visual programming language that introduces them to basic programming concepts through the creation of games, videos, and music.

Coding is no longer the stereotyped cup-of-tea of the nerds – rather, it is one of the coolest language one can learn today. It is a stepping stone to creating solutions that can go a long way to solve the pressing problems of the world. So, guiding our children on this path and preparing them for the times to come seems like the right way to go!

You can kickstart your junior champ’s coding skills with Coding Ninjas’ Junior Courses.

A step-by-step walk through of your first HTML page



HTML is short for HyperText Markup Language.Basically, it’s the “code” behind every webpage – even this one. If you’re just beginning to learn HTML, let us tell you that it’s a fairly easy task. HTML, without styling, can’t do anything more than setting a layout, drawing a table, or creating frames – but it is handy as it helps you structure the content correctly, which is important when you sit down to add style to your HTML.

However simple this might seem, it is a mighty useful tool when it comes to full-fledged web development. Various tools easily eliminate the HTML coding from your work process – but if you want to be in full control of your web-page, you’ll need to have some command over HTML.

Through this article, we aim to give you the essential HTML building blocks that’ll help you get up and running. Reading this, you’ll be able to understand an HTML source code and even modify it for your own good!

Step One – Tags

Image result for html angular brackets


Tags are what you’ll see the most when you look at any HTML source code. A tag can ideally be seen as a wrapper to any item on your HTML document. Tags tell what magic is to be done on the content enclosed by them.

Let’s look at two types of tags:

  1. <tag-example-1>I need a closing tag </tag-example-1>
  2. <tag-example-2>I don’t need a closing tag.

In the first example, the sentence is wrapped by two tags. The first one is called the opening tag and the second one is called the closing tag. Everything in between is affected by the properties of the tag. Very commonly used examples of such tags are <html>, <head>, <body>, <strong>, etc.

The second example tags about loner tags – as in, they don’t need a closing tag to function. Although it’s not required, these type of tags are often written as <tag /> to make the debugging of code easier. Common examples of such tags are <hr> – used for horizontal line, <br> – to break the line, etc.

Step Two – HTML, HEAD, and BODY: The three pillars of your document


These tags are essential for any HTML document. They parcel out the significant parts of your HTML code.

  • <HTML></HTML> wraps your entire code. Everything else in your HTML document needs to come inside these tags.
  • <HEAD></HEAD> includes things like title, styles, and scripts. Head is usually present at the top (hah!), just inside the <HTML> tag.
  • <BODY></BODY> is placed below your <HEAD> tag, and everything that you want to be displayed on your screen comes under this tag. Text, images, links, and pretty much anything you can see in your browser live inside this tag.

Step three – A few tags that’ll make your page pretty

Now that you know how to set up the skeleton of your document, let’s proceed with the things that will go inside your <BODY> tag and do some magic!

Some basic text formatting tags:

  • <b></b> makes your text look bold
  • <i></i> makes you write in cursive
  • <u></u> underlines what you just wrote

For example, this piece of code




       <i> I am italics! </i><br>

       <b>I am bold!</b><br>

       <u>And me, well, I’m underlined!</u><br>




Should produce something like this on your browser: Don’t fret too much about the <br>. It’s just for breaking the line so that you can start from the next line. Enter key does little when it comes to changing lines in your HTML document.

Tags to help you structure your content:

  • <br> breaks the line, making you continue to the next line
  • <p> stands for paragraph. It divides your content into paragraphs

Note: you need to use these tags as space and enter keys do very little when it comes to formatting content inside an HTML document.

Heading Tags:

HTML provides you with six tags, from <H1></H1> to <H6></H6> to help you create different sized headers quickly.



Inserting an Image:

All that’s good, but what fun without images on the webpage? Don’t worry, <IMG /> to the rescue! The image tag has a mandatory attribute called “source”. Basically, it tells the browser where it should look for the image. The syntax goes something like:

<img src = “path_to_your_image” />

Furthermore, it also has attributes like height and width that let you specify the height and width you want your image to take.


HTML has two types of lists – ordered and unordered. Each item of your list has to be enclosed in a <li> tag. The syntax for creating a list is fairly simple.

Suppose you want to create a list like:

  • Item 1
  • Item 2
  • Item 3

The following code will easily do the job for you:


<li> Item 1 </li>

<li> Item 2 </li>

<li> Item 3 </li>



This, by the way, was an example of an unordered list. For an ordered list, all you need to do is replace <ul> with <ol> and </ul> with </ol>.

Let’s see what the following code does:





        <li>I am unordered list’s item 1</li>

        <li>I am unordered list’s item 2</li>

        <li>I am unordered list’s item 3</li>

        <li>I am unordered list’s item 4</li>



        <li>I am ordered list’s item 1</li>

        <li>I am ordered list’s item 2</li>

        <li>I am ordered list’s item 3</li>

        <li>I am ordered list’s item 4</li>




Yes, you’ve guessed it right. It’ll produce two lists – one unordered and one ordered. Quite like the screenshot below:

All of these tags, when arranged coherently, will provide you with a simple webpage consisting of images, headings, and lists. Further, there are various tags that HTML supports, and we thoroughly recommend you to check them out and play with them!

In Conclusion

You now know enough to skim through and understand any part of an HTML code. We request you to go ahead and try skimming through the source code of any website (you’ll find some tags you don’t know, but that’s how you learn!). Oh, and welcome to the world of web development. With HTML under your belt, your next stop should be making your page look beautiful using CSS.

Let us know if you had any problems in the article, and don’t forget to have a look at a source code or two!


Popular Programming Languages Leading the List For Beginners



We hear so many people saying that it’s necessary for everyone to learn the basics of coding. They’re saying it for a good reason! If you understand coding, you can figure out how technology is shaping the world around us. Modern life revolves around digital empowerment, so having a grasp of programming concepts is always a good idea.

Understanding the development process is also a plus point for anyone owning a business – it makes understanding your site or tech product a lot clearer. But outshining all these advantages is the most obvious one – being a programmer is a great career opportunity. The demand for good computer programmers is at an unprecedented high, and we can safely assume that this is not going to change for the next few decades. Because the supply of coders (again, good coders!) does not equal the demand for them, pay packages for coders are attractive. A career in programming is an excellent decision because it’s well-paying and fulfilling. Courses in programming are the way to go for the millennial trying to build an awesome career for themselves!

There are, however, many programming languages for the eager learner to get his hands on. There are so many low level and high level languages because they are all written for different purposes – some are used to write desktop software, while some are used to solve complex scientific problems. While there are hundreds of important languages, let us isolate five of the most popular programming languages and take a closer look at them to understand more about them.



Image result for java


Java is one of the most popular programming languages we have today, and there are more than 9 million developers worldwide. However, it is considered to be a complex language, and its syntax (derived syntax from C and C++) is also long and verbose. Java was designed for portability, which means it runs exactly the same on systems with completely different specifications! This makes porting easier – but interpreting bytecode into machine instruction means that Java programs are normally slower than C++. However, Just-In-Time compilers, other language features, and other optimizations in the Java virtual machine have improved the execution speed of Java programs.

Java is one of the most secure language due to it’s strongly-typed form, and ends up being used for a variety of use-cases, such as:

  • E-commerce websites
  • android apps
  • electronic trading systems
  • games, and more.

There is no limit to the number of job opportunities that proficiency in Java brings – and it is widely acknowledged that Java is the most important thing to have happened to the IT industry since C ++.

Ruby on Rails

Image result for ruby on rails


Ruby is the equivalent of Java and C++, and keeps the needs of coders in mind. Consequently, it is easy to learn and has a lot of supporting codebases. It has become popular throughout the web through the Ruby on Rails framework. Ruby on Rails (or simply Rails) is a framework that helps with web development.  RoR promotes the use of web standards like JSON or XML for data transfer and HTML for UI. It is a model-view-controller framework to organize application programming. Web applications can be built very easily using RoR, and all companies (from startups to larger MNCs are understanding its benefits. Examples of some top companies using Ruby on Rails are:

  • Shopify
  • Bloomberg
  • Groupon
  • Soundcloud.


Image result for c++


C++ is an intermediate-level language that is gaining popularity, and it incorporates both high-level and low-level language features. C++ is a good language for a beginner because it helps with concept-building. Because it is possible to write C++ in ‘C-style’, it is also a good example of a hybrid language. Medical industries and engineering industries regularly use C++. Other areas of real world C++ application are:

  • Web browsers
  • Compilers
  • GUI-based applications like
    • Photoshop
    • Adobe Premier
    • Adobe Illustrator
    • Image Ready



Python is one of the fastest-growing major programming languages. The main reason for a number of developers switching full-time to python is the incredible readability and flexibility it offers. Written in simple English-like statements, Python allows the developers to exercise their logical skills while focusing the least on the syntax (which is pretty much non-existent in case of Python). There are a wide range of libraries and frameworks written in Python which makes it an undeniable asset in the programming world today. Some of the real world applications of Python are:

  • Web Development
  • Machine learning – for visualizing complex data
  • Text editors:
    • Sublime text
    • Koding
    • NetBeans
    • PyCharm
  • Video Game development
  • GUI-based applications
    • OpenShot video editor
    • BitTorrent
  • Web crawling



Go, short for Golang, is unlike Python, Java, or C++ in terms that it doesn’t follow object-oriented programming approach. In that manner, it comes closest to the good-old C. Most of the modern programming languages find their roots in the ’90s single-threaded environment. Because of that, performing real problems like concurrent execution, thread-locking, race conditions and deadlocks, etc., require a multi-threaded environment. Go was created in 2009 when multi-core processors were being extensively used. That is why, Go is built keeping concurrency in mind. Here are some applications of the Go language:

  • Handling concurrent web requests
  • Developing automation and command-line tools
  • Producing maintainable code


Proficiency in any one of these languages goes a long way in ensuring a great career. They require concentration, focus, and time – but ultimately are very rewarding. Part of the reason is that there is not ONE industry that does not require coding at the moment; finance, manufacturing, and health care are three examples of areas where coding skills are highly valued. For the future coding expert, we can only welcome you to a world of unbelievable opportunities!


Improve your productivity using these life-hacks


Some days, do you feel like you could’ve done more?

Maybe written a few more lines of code. Added a couple of new features. Completed more tasks. Or simply just done more work.

All these questions leave you feeling a little…incomplete? Almost like you’ve wasted the time you had?

…Sounds familiar?

Well, if it does, rest assured – it doesn’t have to be this way. Just a little tweaking of your work-habits will allow you to leave work feeling satisfied with what you’ve accomplished in the day!

Let’s see what all you can inculcate in your daily routine to make your life smoother.

  1. Avoid multiple tabs

You might not acknowledge this fact, but keeping multiple tabs open is one of the biggest thieves of your time. You often find an interesting article that ends up staying in your browser’s tab for months. As a result of this, you end up having 50+ tabs open across five different browser windows.

Always keep in mind that your browser is not a place to manage your reading backlogs – especially if your work requires you to access the browser multiple times. To catch up with your favorite articles that you’ve kept open, you can use special applications or tools that can help take care of all the articles, podcasts, or videos. Also, there’s a special feature in your browser, not sure if you’re aware of it – it’s called the BOOKMARK.

Yes, bookmark all the things you “might want to read” in the future, but don’t keep them open in the browser. Especially if your work requires you to practically live on the browser, make sure you don’t have more than 8-10 tabs open in front of you at any particular moment.

  1. Allocate time for daily and weekly planning

Ideally, you should plan your workload at least one week ahead. Try focusing only on your top goals and priorities and then break them down into further smaller tasks.

Then, for each task, estimate the priority. This way, you will get the most important things sorted first – this will leave no scope for you missing out on valuable items. Also, while planning, remember to leave a few slots empty so that you can update your plans in case a new task springs up.

  1. Design a plan for learning and development

For a programmer, it’s essential to stay up to date with the changes in technology (at least the one you’re working on). This demands continuous learning – which is vital for your professional growth. Regardless of experience, there’s always something new you can learn to step up your game. However, there’s one problem – the sheer abundance of things you can learn and digest.

For this, ideally, you should prepare ahead of time. Defining your learning goals and revising them at least once a month will help you strategize and prioritize better. Schedule what to learn when, and avoid jumping from one thing to the other.

  1. Start with the hardest task

This hack is probably the most heard of – yet the least followed. If you want to have a relaxed and a productive workday, always start with your biggest, hardest, and the most critical task.

You often have those mornings where you find yourself drinking coffee and checking emails before you tune in to the work state. As a result, the enthusiasm vanishes, along with some of the valuable time that you could’ve spent getting some stuff done. Instead, do the following –

  • Create a to-do list for the day.
  • Choose the three most important tasks from this list.
  • Pick out the toughest job out of those three, and try to wrap it up the first thing in the day.
  1. Minimise distractions

Again, this goes without saying. To be more productive, you’ll need to learn how to avoid the daily distractions like Facebook notifications, WhatsApp messages, or any such thing. Context switching always takes time(as you’ll learn in our classes!), and when it’s for something as trivial as checking your Facebook notification, it’s not even worth the time. If you look at every email you receive while working, you will be significantly less productive.

Instead, create special filters for high-priority and emergency situations. To add to this, try avoiding Facebook (or any social media, for that matter) entirely while at work – unless necessary. Also, don’t be afraid to reject the people who come to your desk unless it ranks high enough on your work-priority.

  1. Create batches of everyday tasks

Some tasks need to be performed daily but take up a lot of time – like, sending emails. Of course, responding to client emails is necessary. However, if you pause some important work you’re doing to respond to a mail, you’ll have broken up your flow – and eventually, your productivity will decline.

Batch all the repetitive activities. For example, dedicate 30 minutes of your day to deal with emails and/or other communications.

  1. Limit meetings

At meetings, the team members wait for their turn to update the project status. And, when the others talk, they either plan what to say or daydream about the upcoming weekend.

If you decide to have a meeting, make sure there’s a fixed agenda, and all participants are on the same page before the meeting. This will save a lot of time during the session. Also, a good practice would be to instruct your team against carrying their cellphones to the meetings. There’s no point to it – slows down the progress of a meeting (and is invariably quite rude).

  1. Review your coding habits

If you feel you are not following some standard coding practices that might ease up your work, it’s a great idea to ask some senior developer from your workplace to have a look at your coding habits. You might receive helpful advice that can make you a lot more efficient.

  1. Don’t forget to follow up

Some of the projects might get blocked if the person you’ve assigned them to doesn’t receive a revert from you. Always remember to follow up at the end of the day – to check if everything is under control, and if the day’s agenda is sorted or not.

You should keep following up with your client too, if you have any open queries, and not just with your employees. If you’ve followed up and they haven’t replied, wait for a while and follow up again.

  1. Take a break

Yes. REST is not just for APIs – it’s for you as well. Development is a mental exercise – one that requires your utmost time, effort, and focus.

If you keep working for a long duration without taking breaks, the quality of your work will be compromised. It’s a better idea to work in small batches, take a break, and then start work refreshed. Otherwise, you might feel overloaded with anxiety which will directly hamper your work. Also, because you spend practically the entire day in front of a screen, it’s recommended you get a good night’s sleep. Any compromise on this will adversely affect your productivity the next day.

In Conclusion…

If you’re one of those who strives to be more productive each day – these tricks will not only make you more productive, but will also make you more disciplined in your work. Go ahead, try these out, and let us know your experience. Do you have some awesome life hacks to share? Drop them in the comments below!

Dodging the “Tell me more about yourself” interview question

Everything’s prepared: the clothes have been chosen, washed, and pressed, you have memorized the route to the venue, and you’ve also taken a fresh batch of printouts of your resume because the older ones did not look impressive enough. You are reasonably confident when you are called to enter the big room. Let us assume that you are greeted warmly, before being asked the question you knew you were going to face the moment you received an email inviting you to this job interview.


Q: “Tell us something more about yourself.”

A: “Uh, I am Adam. I have two pet dogs and I like gardening.”


Something about that answer just did not sound quite in place, yet you had practiced answering this more than fifty times into the mirror. So what exactly went wrong, and what goes wrong every time someone tries to answer this question that is common to job interviews worldwide? It might not be phrased this way all the time, but any interviewee is bound to come up against variations of this question.

  • Introduce yourself
  • What’s the one thing that differentiates you from other interviewees?
  • Describe yourself in one word

Before discussing how to correctly respond to this tricky question, we should try to understand what the interviewer really wants to know when he/she asks this question. Chances are, you are not the first person being interviewed for the position; at least five others will be grilled before a decision is made. It makes sense for the recruiters to know key points about you – by which they can measure how good a fit you’ll be for the vacant position. In short, they are looking for honesty and brevity. If these can be packaged interestingly, half your job is done and your interview is off to a great start.


There are quite a few things that your answer should never be. Don’t recite your resume by heart, because the interviewer has already gone through it; they are looking for information beyond what has already been provided. Make sure you do not sound like you are talking all about your greatest achievements either (because, frankly, would you like listening to a braggart?) If there is one professional achievement you feel must be mentioned, go ahead. But as with everything else in life, balance is key here.


Appear super-confident (even if that’s not how you feel!)

This one goes without saying. Fumbling does not make a good first impression, so it’s very important to appear calm, collected, and in complete charge of the situation. If ‘tell me more about yourself’ puts you out of your comfort zone, then recovering from that initial setback can be difficult. One major faux pas is beginning with ‘My name is…’ Mentioning your name serves no purpose at all. You convey a sense of trying-to-buy-time, and that reflects badly on you.


Trust your instincts.

If you really wish to share your passion for collecting butterflies with the suits on the other side of the desk, go ahead. As long as you are not blurting it out of context, or hesitating, it is fine to speak about any special hobbies or pastimes you may have. You can also begin with snippets of info like these, and then speak about more serious aspects of your character. Mentioning what your likes and dislikes are is an acceptable way of responding to the question. However, it is imperative to not get carried away and end up reciting a small Ode to World Peace. Keep it short, sweet, and strictly about yourself.


Sell your professional skills.

If you’ve got it, flaunt it by all means. It’s a mistake to look like you are all play and no work, but it’s also a mistake (and a bigger one) to pass over your skills in certain professional areas to focus on your innermost thoughts. We have only one target here: looking like a well-qualified, suitable candidate. To get the wheels moving in your favour, it’s always a good idea to mention your experience in the relevant area and your interest in it.


Anything you say can and will be used against you

Think before you speak

This is not a speech, and you’re expected to give a complete answer in about a minute. Speak about aspects of yourself you find most interesting and substantial, and interviewers will take your cue and ask you about them. Answer in short, direct, simple sentences. Do not empty a bucket of facts on your interviewers. Topics like politics (even if it is YOUR view) and religion are to be avoided, as are opinionated comments and/or deeply personal experiences. Sharing an intriguing or relevant story from your past is fine, as long as your run it through a mental censor board first.


Always be professional

The shock value of certain answers cannot be denied. Answering “Where do you see yourself in five years?” with “I’ll be your boss by then” is not only arrogant; it is downright unprofessional. Granted, we all have heard of miracle interviews where some similar show of defiance earned the braveheart a win, but we should always keep in mind that our interviewers, by chance, might not be as flexible as that.


Above all, make it fun.

Make it fun – for them and for yourself. A witty, honest answer always counts. Even if humour is not your forte, be as straightforward and confident as possible. After all, you’re an educated, well-spoken, skilled young person – it should be fun to talk about yourself to a group of senior professionals and try to understand their reactions.


Is it really this simple? Don’t circumstances nearly always complicate interviews? What if you’re faced with this question coming from a grumpy interviewer? Sure enough, some things are always going to be beyond our control.

The best way to deal with the unexpected is to be extra prepared. Check out Coding Ninjas Interview Preparation Course, and give yourself that extra edge!